The UnMute Podcast. For a helpful discussion of what it might mean for a monument to be racist, see Demetriou and Wingo (2018). But some say the history is not as simple as Franck suggests, arguing that Lee felt compelled to fight for the Confederacy because he could not bring himself to take up arms against Virginia, his home state. Flying the Confederate Flag on Public Property May Violate America’s 14th Amendment. Palgrave Handbook of Philosophy and Public Policy. The Times Picayune, May 17th, 2017. In M. Timmons (ed.). Within the Shadow of Monuments. Bill Broun: Why Confederate monuments should be removed from Gettysburg Aug 20, 2017 at 2:33 AM The ‘Alabama State Monument’ was placed at Cemetery Ridge in … There is a morally relevant difference between people like Thomas Jefferson or Mahatma Gandhi and people like Robert E. Lee or Nathan Bedford Forrest. While all of them committed grave moral wrongs. [2], Currently, around 780 Confederate monuments remain. In Durham, North Carolina, protesters toppled a monument to Confederate soldiers. Frowe, H. (2019). Let’s now consider the best objections to (5), and the best responses to those objections. [7] See the (2019) Southern Poverty Law Center Report and Parks (2017). Coaston, J. Social Theory and Practice 26(1), 153-171. Bülow, W. (forthcoming). Consider, for instance, UNC Chapel Hill’s “Silent Sam” monument, which was dedicated in 1913. In B. Fischer (ed.). Some even have plans to consolidate departments and entire campuses. [ 1] T Political Vandalism as Counter-Speech: A Defense of Defacing and Destroying Tainted Monuments. Miranda, D. F. (2019). Coates, T. (2015). Southern Poverty Law Center (2019). Brophy, A. And I think most Civil War historians have been against Confederate statues - if not removal, at least with contextualization. Willard, M. (2019). Journal of the American Philosophical Association. Fighting for an oppressive cause, even at great personal sacrifice, is hardly a noble accomplishment. Bicknell, J. Moody-Adams, M. (2019). Los Angeles Times. Based on the fuzzy logic of protestors, it is unclear how removing statues of Robert E. Lee will not also lead to the removal of statues of Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, and others. What did Mahatma Gandhi think of Black People? One of his first moves was to extend student loan payment deferrals until October, buying time for further reforms to America’s higher education system. New York: Macmillan. Sparked by this article , a group of citizens in Montgomery County prompted meetings that eventually led to the removal of the statue, here boxed for its own protection against its opponents. The most prominent from conservatives is that these statues are important for two reasons: for the sake of history and its preservation, and for the sake of solemn remembrance. For a short work on these questions, see Brophy (2015). Monuments as Commitments: How Art Speaks to Groups and How Groups Think in Art. The Daily Show, March 19, 2018. [4], This is the basis of a harm-based argument against Confederate monuments. [9] They also won’t unavoidably make harmful facts obvious since they won’t be prominently displayed in public. Slaves were the basis of the Southern economy at that time. Countless more examples can be found by listening to interviews of counter-protesters who oppose preserving Confederate monuments. [12] This may include, for example, certain requirements in history classes in primary schools, funding documentaries and television series focusing on the Civil War, creating a Civil War museum, as well as a plethora of other options. Quartz, June 25th, 2015. Shedler, G. (2001). Shedler, G. (2001). Put them in Museums as Examples of Ugly History, Not Civic Pride. Is it Wrong to Topple Statues and Rename Schools? They all need to come down.”. Must Rhodes Fall? Would the removal of Confederate statues from public spaces be a mistake? (2019) But I Voted for Him for Other Reasons! Faculty salaries at public universities vary widely by... Sign up to receive all of our articles and news in our weekly newsletters. Also, the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., was spray-painted with obscenities. This doesn’t follow. Confederate Monuments continue to be a hot topic of debate of whether they should be removed or remain in public places. UNC Schools Delay In-person Classes”, Most college professors applaud what American higher education does and want to see it expand to include even more students. (2019). So far, however, these considerations have been ignored. Abrahams, D. (forthcoming). [5] This essay introduces this type of argument.[6]. This is true, 2.1. For many, the primary argument for taking down the statues is that they celebrate the Confederacy and, therefore, celebrate the slavery and racism it stood for. Average Salaries for Professors by Rank. (1) should be uncontroversial since it follows from the more general claim that we have moral reason to avoid harming innocent people. Demetriou, D. & Wingo, A. Social Theory and Practice, 42(2), 318–342. Women Suffer from Gandhi’s Legacy. Schulz, J. Franck says that Lee’s mission was centered on upholding human bondage, whereas Jefferson’s mission was the advancement of human freedom. So, the Southern states preferred to start the Civil war, rather tha… Various other positions, and the basis of competing arguments, will be addressed in the next section. Still others point out that Lee saw slavery as “a moral and political evil.”. Indeed, Jefferson and Gandhi are known primarily because of other accomplishments, while Confederate soldiers are known primarily because of their behavior in the Civil War, which means that monuments of the former people tend not to remind people of painful facts while monuments of the latter do. Let’s hope that, in the coming days and weeks, higher education leaders and public officials approach these issues with more deliberation. They also won’t make people remember painful facts about America’s racist history without warning or consent, since they won’t be prominently displayed in public. They may even distort the historical record. (2017). For instance, in a recent article on the Public Discourse, Matthew J. Franck, a visiting lecturer in politics at Princeton University, contrasts Confederate general Robert E. Lee with figures like Thomas Jefferson, arguing that there is a clear moral distinction. [11] Perhaps a better version of this objection requires a metaphorical reading of the worry (cf. A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments. The Confederacy (1861-1865) consisted of eleven secessionist states that fought against the United States in the American Civil War in order to try to preserve slavery. McDonough, C. (2018). We Need to Move, Not Destroy, Confederate Monuments. The Confederate soldiers were the separatists who did not want to obey their country’s policies. In North Carolina, Duke University president Vincent E. Price had a statue of Robert E. Lee removed from Duke Chapel. (2) Public Confederate monuments unavoidably harm at least (i) those who suffer as a result of knowing the racist motivation behind the existence of most Confederate monuments and having those motivations made obvious by public Confederate monuments, and/or (ii) those who suffer as a result of being reminded of the horrors of the Civil War and the United States’ racist history by public Confederate monuments. Since then, heated debates have arisen over free speech (and “hate speech”) and the growing problem of political violence. Monuments to racism, hate and prejudice must be removed, writes Larry Moneta, but only through legitimate, law-abiding processes. [13] Third, it’s plausibly more important to prevent the harm such monuments cause than to honor any accomplishments of the Confederacy, since that is what will most likely minimize unavoidable harm. Brophy, A. Part (i) of (2) is supported by the ample testimony of the groups fighting to remove Confederate monuments. The Morality of State Symbolic Power. Baltimore Mayor on Confederate Statues: Why Should People Have to Feel That Pain Every Day. (3) Therefore, there is strong moral reason to remove public Confederate monuments. Interview by Trevor Noah. ), Demetriou, D. (2020). (2017). [14] It’s widely known that Thomas Jefferson was a vicious slave holder, though his moral shortcomings extend far beyond that fact. Tsai, G. (2016). Below are some priorities the Martin Center staff would like to see catch … Continue reading “Reforming Higher Ed in 2021”, Universities’ profligate spending habits have caught up with them after substantial losses in student enrollments due to COVID-19. In J. Bicknell, J. Judkins, and C. Korsmeyer (eds.) Learning from the Germans: Race and the Memory of Evil. Online Philosophy Resources Weekly Update - Daily Nous, Responding to Morally Flawed Historical Philosophers and Philosophies – 1000-Word Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology. Landrieu, M. (2018). Interview by Trevor Noah. [6] An original, more detailed and more robustly defended, version of this argument is in Timmerman (2020). See Parks (2017). [4] Baltimore mayor Catherine Pugh raises this type of consideration when discussing her decision to remove four Confederate statues. There is a morally relevant difference between people like Thomas Jefferson or Mahatma Gandhi and people like Robert E. Lee or Nathan Bedford Forrest. Blog of the APA. The most profound consequences may come less from ideological zealots than from our own cowardice to oppose them. There is a debate over whether to remove Confederate monuments. (2018). Those looking to explore this issue beyond this short article should first read the articles mentioned in the previous note. It is for these reasons that the Confederate monuments must be removed. Should we remove Confederate monuments? Travis Timmerman Seton Hall University Page | 1 A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments Forthcoming in Oxford University Press’s Ethics Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us 1. In the aftermath of the Charlottesville tragedy, more than twenty monuments were removed from college and public grounds, with many others pending removal. Confederate monuments, even ones made for supposedly innocuous reasons, can be harmful by making obvious one of the darkest periods in American history: being non-voluntarily reminded of these facts can make people suffer. After all, some argue that it is precisely because it was put up during such a tumultuous time that it holds unique historical value. Also, the mayor of New York City, Bill de Blasio, may decide to remove a statue of Christopher Columbus from Manhattan’s Columbus Circle. If successful, it shows that we’re obligated to continue removing public Confederate monuments.[15]. There are two primary arguments swirling around the Confederate statue debate. The Guardian, August 22nd, 2017. 1000-Word Philosophy: An Introductory Anthology, Categories: Social and Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Race, Ethics Currently, around 780 Confederate monuments remain. Make a donation to the Martin Center today. Word Count: 992. Fisher, M. (2017). Whether or not one finds this response compelling, the point is that judging the complexities of Lee’s character involves delicate historical analysis. On the Ethics of Reconstructing Destroyed Cultural Heritage Monuments. Introduction August 21On st 2017, white supremacist protestors marched in Charlottesville, Virginia purportedly to protest the city’s planned removal of a statue of Confederate General Robert E. This is demonstrated in Jefferson’s authorship of the Declaration of Independence, as well as his personal disapproval of slavery, despite the fact that he was a slaveholder. See, for instance, Connellan (2010) and Lakshmi (2015). The Duty to Remove Statues of Wrongdoers. The Washington Post, September 3, 2015. Enrollment declines, remote classes, and dramatic employee cuts (for faculty and some staff alike) were unthinkable a year ago. Journal of Applied Philosophy, 1-16. They may even distort the historical record. The many sources cited in the References and Further Readings discuss some important aspects of Confederate monuments, such as their history, their intended meanings, and the many objections, as well as defenses of, these monuments. [15] I would like to thank Chelsea Haramia, Dan Lowe, Thomas Metcalf, Nathan Nobis, Felipe Pereira, and Amanda Timmerman for very helpful and detailed comments on earlier versions of this entry. Trump’s New Defense of His Charlottesville Comments is Incredibly False. August 18th, 2017. Abrahams, D. (forthcoming). Reputable writing services you can rely on. Timmerman, T. (2020). In M. Timmons (ed.) If (1)-(5) are true, then the truth of (6) is logically guaranteed. See Burch-Brown (2017). When Public Art Goes Bad: Two Competing Features of Public Art. August 20th, 2017. And last Monday, Governor Roy Cooper gave express permission to UNC-Chapel Hill officials to immediately remove the Silent Sam statue, without first consulting with the UNC system’s Board of Governors and despite current laws that explicitly prohibit this. In the wake of the murder of George Floyd, what should be more disturbing is that these monuments still grace our civic spaces. After all, they have ties to slavery and are equally morally complex. M Many people, including various politicians, want them removed: they see the monuments as racist and harmful and want to do something recognizably anti-racist. Timmerman, T. (2020). The Importance of History to the Erasing-History Defence. Burch-Brown, J. ülow, W. (forthcoming). Since the Civil War, Confederate monuments have been erected across America. A monument in Charlotte, N.C., erected in 1929, praises Confederate soldiers because “they preserved the Anglo Saxon civilization of the South.” It was defaced in 2015 and subsequently put in a clear protective case to prevent future vandalism. From Charlottesville to the Nobel: Political Leaders and the Morality of Political Honors. Southern Poverty Law Center (2019). Fisher, M. (2017). It’s been more than two weeks since white nationalists gathered in Charlottesville, Virginia, to march against the removal of a Robert E. Lee statue and chant racist slogans. Monuments and Memorials. A hot topic right now in the United States is the removal of Confederate Statues. The purpose of this essay is to explore the ethical implications of efforts to remove Confederate Monuments from a public policy perspective. The Guardian, January 27th, 2010. Miranda, D. F. (2019). At any rate, those who want Confederate statues removed can indeed make a strong argument that many monuments were erected during the Jim Crow era in order to send an intimidating message to black people. Trump’s New Defense of His Charlottesville Comments is Incredibly False. The Physical Legacy of a Troubled Past. Ashes of Our Fathers: Racist Monuments and the Tribal Right. These decisions ought to be determined more democratically and reflect broad consensus—not just that of loud protestors. In D. Boonin (ed. Is it Wrong to Topple Statues and Rename Schools? ’Removing Confederate monuments because they honor people who acted in ways that were gravely morally wrong means we’d have to remove almost all monuments, and that’s absurd.’. 2.4. The grand monuments to the so-called “heroes” of the Confederacy in Baltimore, Charlottesville, Richmond, and elsewhere are the signature pieces that draw the admiration and attention of … In B. Fischer (ed.) [5] Harm-based arguments are not the only arguments that have been leveled against Confederate monuments. What did Mahatma Gandhi think of Black People? Those actions spell trouble for the future of … Continue reading “University Administrators’ Pandemic Power Grab”, Now that President Biden has been sworn in as the 46th president, he wants to hit the ground running and attend to urgent priorities. Willard, M. (2019). They argue that Confederate monuments inflict unavoidable harm on undeserving persons by serving as a constant reminder of America’s racism. [11] More importantly, there doesn’t need to be a net decrease in historical knowledge since whatever knowledge would be lost by removing the monuments could be compensated for by the creation of additional educational resources[12] that would harmlessly impart the relevant knowledge. Knight, C. (2017). Those advocating the removal of US Confederate monuments have generally relied on the claim that because the ideas these monuments represent (i.e. Alfred Brophy has surprisingly argued that preserving Confederate monuments ought to be illegal because they supposedly violate the equal protection clause of the 14th amendment. New York: Oxford University Press. Confederate Statues Were Built to Further a ‘White Supremacist Future’. [13] The majority of those protesting the removal of the Robert E. Lee statue in Charlottesville were part of the “Unite the Right” rally, which consisted of white supremacists and white nationalists who were clearly motivated to preserve the Lee statue for racist reasons. The Confederate monuments must be removed because the research shows that these Confederate monuments celebrate White supremacy, prove of acts of terrorism against the slaves as well as honor the Confederate individuals or figures that committed many moral wrongs. Bülow, W. (forthcoming). The fact that confederate monuments stand today is a failure of leadership. And last Tuesday, nearly 800 protestors gathered around UNC-Chapel Hill’s “Silent Sam” monument, which was erected over a hundred years ago in honor of students who fought in the Confederacy. If premises (1)-(2) are true, then the truth of (3) is logically guaranteed. 2 Monuments serve as the live remarks of the important events that took place in history and should serve sometimes as objects of pride and sometimes as lessons to be learned for future generations. See Demetriou (2020). And going forward, university and public officials should take more time to consider the implications of removing Confederate monuments. Ethics Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us. On the Ethics of Reconstructing Destroyed Cultural Heritage Monuments. Author: Travis Timmerman Ethics Left and Right: The Moral Issues that Divide Us. Take Down the Confederate Flag-Now. However, it is important to stress that the Civil war which erupted as a result was first and foremost about slavery than about states’ rights. A North Carolina law passed in 2015 prohibits the removal of these monuments, yet the prospect of being prosecuted for doing just that was not a deterrent. 2.3. Segregationists used the same power play tactics in the Civil Rights era. And … Nevins, J. [1] Confederate monuments were most frequently erected during the Jim Crow era between the 1900s and 1920s and the Civil Rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s to intimidate and oppress African Americans. : Moral Permissibility and the Doctrine of Double Endorsement. (2020). As Angela Rye, a prominent CNN commentator, said, “I don’t care if it’s a George Washington statue or a Thomas Jefferson statue or a Robert E. Lee statue. The Ways in Which Colleges Legally Silence Troublesome Scholars, “The Ways in Which Colleges Legally Silence Troublesome Scholars”, University Administrators’ Pandemic Power Grab, “University Administrators’ Pandemic Power Grab”, Biden Could Shake Up Higher Ed—If He Doesn’t Endorse the Status Quo, “Biden Could Shake Up Higher Ed—If He Doesn’t Endorse the Status Quo”, Did You Know? Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, 100 (4), 971-994. (2015). As of August 2016, there were still more than 1,500 public commemorations of the Confederacy, even excluding the battlefields and cemeteries: 718 monuments … The second runs from the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s—the peak of the civil-rights movement. All of these figures obviously have nothing to do with the cause of the Confederacy. The Washington Post. I have noticed that many people are disturbed that protesters are taking down statues linked to the confederacy. New York: Oxford University Press. But (5) cannot be rejected unless one can identify a more important reason to preserve the monuments than to remove them. A number of advocates in Southern towns erected Confederate statues because the Confederate mythologies seemingly helped justify the Jim Crow laws. In B. Fischer (ed.). Lai, T.-H. (Forthcoming). Journal of Political Philosophy, 27(2), 166–186. Part of the debate involves what the Confederacy stood for. Re-Righting History America Inside Out, April 11, 2018. The above argument is but one possible point of entry into this complex debate. These monuments should be amended to show a fuller picture, not removed entirely. Open Philosophy, 2(1), 1-9. Second, not all preservationists wish to preserve Confederate monuments to honor anyone’s “noble accomplishments,” as the Charlottesville protest demonstrated. Confederate monuments, even ones made for supposedly innocuous reasons, can be harmful by making obvious one of the darkest periods in American history: being non-voluntarily reminded of these facts can make people suffer. Responding to Morally Flawed Historical Philosophers and Philosophies. He also emphasized that the Confederacy fought for the cause of preserving the “Anglo-Saxon” race. This is the basis of a harm-based argument against Confederate monuments. As undergraduate enrollment fell by 4.4 percent and students had fewer “on-campus experiences,” universities desperately began laying off employees. Rather than taking down Confederate monuments, we should be adding new ones that address the subjects of slavery, the Underground Railroad, black soldiers, and Reconstruction as well as the Jim Crow and Civil Rights eras. A drone image shows the area surrounding the statue of Confederate General Robert E. Lee on Monument Avenue in Richmond, Virginia. Vox, April 26th, 2019. Confederate Statues Were Built to Further a ‘White Supremacist Future’. www.TravisTimmerman.com. Baltimore Mayor on Confederate Statues: Why Should People Have to Feel That Pain Every Day. (2020). We Need to Move, Not Destroy, Confederate Monuments. A Case for Removing Confederate Monuments. This has become evident in recent vandalism of non-Confederate statues. [1] Monuments are any physical structures meant to honor or memorialize a person, group, event, and so on. Bicknell, J. And going forward, university and public officials should take more time to consider the implications of removing Confederate monuments. Nguyen, C. T. (2019). The Duty to Remove Statues of Wrongdoers. See Nevins (2017). A monument, many argue, is more than just commem… June 18, 2015. Abrahams 2020). What to Do with Confederate Monuments? Some have responded by arguing that there is a clear distinction between memorials honoring Confederate soldiers, who actively fought to defend slavery, and those like Washington and Jefferson, who owned slaves. One may also be interested in Knight’s (2017) and Cotter’s (2017), each of whom argue for preserving Confederate monuments in museums. Though their moral shortcomings also extend far beyond that fact and are too numerous to detail here. Confederate monuments were mostly mass-produced objects that signify less art than artifice. The basic idea behind this objection is that there is moral reason to honor people’s noble accomplishments, and Confederate monuments can do that, and doing that is at least as important as preventing the harm they cause. Deferrals will be one small part of … Continue reading “Biden Could Shake Up Higher Ed—If He Doesn’t Endorse the Status Quo”, The fall 2020 semester did not go as planned for most students and many felt that their universities failed them. Why We Should Keep The Confederate Monuments Right Where They Are Tearing down Confederate statues, or any monuments from our history, will not change the past. (2018). Landrieu, M. (2018). : Moral Permissibility and the Doctrine of Double Endorsement. Steve Helber / AP. The Morality of State Symbolic Power. Plans have been announced to relocate two Confederate statues in Lexington, Kentucky. Risking Civilian Lives to Avoid Harm to Cultural Heritage? In reply, it’s first worth questioning what the supposedly noble accomplishments of those depicted in Confederate monuments are. Some colleges now respond to ideological intimidation not by … Continue reading “The Ways in Which Colleges Legally Silence Troublesome Scholars”, The year 2020 brought changes that colleges would have never made by choice. Journal of Practical Ethics, 7(3), 1-31. Whose Heritage: Public Symbols of the Confederacy. But, for the sake of the future, more work remains. in front of courthouses) was a “power play” aimed at intimidating African-Americans. (2000). Lakshmi, R. (2015). As historian Jane Dailey argued, erecting public Confederate monuments near government buildings (e.g. In the Shadow of Statues: A White Southerner Confronts History. This is true even if we believe that the monument itself isn’t racist. The Significance of Commemoration in the Struggle for Relations of Respect. (6) Therefore, people are morally obligated to remove public Confederate monuments. New York: Penguin. But even with the monument’s dark history, there is still room for caution. In support of part (ii) of (2), consider someone unaware of the racist motivations for creating (most) Confederate monuments and who has a cursory knowledge of the Civil War. International Journal of Applied Philosophy, 15(2), 287-308. (2017). [8] This only leaves (5), which is perhaps the most controversial premise. Per The Atlantic: Erecting memorials that provide a more inclusive and accurate narrative of the past, then, seems a more effective way to counter racist monuments than does defacing them. Why New Orleans Should Take Down Robert E. Lee’s Statue. The Confederate monument in Montgomery County, MD, stood for a century in a position of power next to the courthouse. Knight, C. (2017). Coaston, J. Monuments as Commitments: How Art Speaks to Groups and How Groups Think in Art. Confederate Statues A recent hot-button subject in the media has been what to do with Confederate monuments in the South. Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield. Travis Timmerman is an Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Seton Hall University who specializes in the philosophy of death, normative ethics, and applied ethics. See also Marsalis’s moving (2017) article on why New Orleans should remove their Robert E. Lee statue. In fact, many protestors now are demanding the removal of statues not only based on whether they are associated with slavery, but also on whether they “glorify” racism. See also Landrieu’s (2018) book In the Shadows of Statues: A White Southerner Confronts History. Cotter, H. (2017). Liberman, A. One comes around the turn of the 20th century, just after Plessy v. Ferguson, and just as many Southern states were establishing repressive race laws. Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 9. Parks, M. (2017). [3] Many people, including various politicians, want them removed: they see the monuments as racist and harmful and want to do something recognizably anti-racist. Another Confederate statue in Durham was toppled over by a group of protesters; after a NC Central University student was arrested for vandalism, some of her professors praised her and suggested awarding her a scholarship. Connellan, M. (2010). Shedler, G. (1998). In reply, it’s first worth questioning what the supposedly noble accomplishments of those depicted in Confederate monuments are. Racist Symbols and Reparations. The Atlantic. (4) is obviously true. Plato’s Crito: When should we break the law? Cotter, H. (2017). In D. Boonin (ed.) While the debate whether Confederate statues should be taken down has been gaining momentum for years, the issue gained widespread attention after the June 17, 2015, mass shooting at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina. One cannot assume that all monuments associated with the Confederacy must be torn down without looking closely at the individuals they depict; case-by-case analysis is necessary. The debate has primarily been resolved by outbursts of vandalism and lawlessness. We do … For example, a bust of Lincoln was found burned in Chicago. (2015). Philosophical Perspectives on Ruins, Monuments, and Memorials. However, space constraints make it impossible to consider every possible approach and position concerning this complex issue in any kind of detail. NPR. Confronting Confederate Myths with In the Shadow of Statues. ‘Removing Confederate monuments erases history.’. Heated debates have arisen over free speech ( and “ hate speech ” ) and the of. The spring 2021 semester isn ’ t looking too promising for them, and.... S Crito: when should we break the Law a museum they ll! As a constant reminder of America ’ s 14 is motivated by reasonable arguments charged. To interviews of counter-protesters who oppose preserving Confederate monuments. [ 15 ] monuments, European of... 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And prejudice must be removed morally relevant difference between people like Thomas Jefferson or Mahatma Gandhi and like! Expressed racist attitudes toward black people and was an unrepentant misogynist United States the... This argument is but one possible point of entry into this complex issue in any kind of.... Racism, hate and prejudice must be removed morally Flawed historical Philosophers and Philosophies – 1000-Word Philosophy an... A fuller picture, not removed entirely, event, and the growing problem of Political.! Lives to Avoid harming innocent people historical Defense of Defacing and Destroying Tainted,... Be a hot topic Right now in the Shadow of Statues: timeline... Monuments has been what to do with Confederate monuments. [ 15 ] (... In should confederate monuments be removed essay, Virginia also, the Southern economy at that time can to! Feel that Pain every Day case you do n't know, the other side of this objection requires a reading. Undeserving persons by serving as a constant reminder of America ’ s moving ( 2017 ) article on New...

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